Here’s a brief look at the work each part of your paper needs to do.
Every writing assignment needs an introductory paragraph. Here are some pointers for planning your introduction.
The body of your paper is where you organize your information and ideas into a coherent argument.
Here’s a brief look at what a good conclusion does.
Here are brief explanations of some key terms.
Here are the basics of what a thesis is and how you develop a thesis statement
Here are the basics of organizing a data-driven research paper.
The goal of the introduction is to explain your study. Introduce the research question and summarize and cite the research done to date.
This section explains how you will do the research you propose.
In this part of the paper (also called the results section) you provide the reader with the analysis of the collected data.
Here are a few steps that will help you write an effective Discussion.
Here are some pointers to help you argue your thesis.
A claim is a statement of something as a fact or an assertion of something as true. You need to make claims in order to argue your thesis in a research paper.
Evidence is the published data or expert opinion that you cite to support the claims you make in a research paper.
Sources are where you get the evidence (published data or expert opinion) to support the claims you make in your research paper or other writing assignment.
Citing sources means giving the reader information about where your evidence comes from.
Once you have located a source, how do you incorporate the evidence from that source into your argument?
Quoting is one of the ways you can incorporate evidence from a source into your research paper or other writing assignment.
Paraphrasing is one of the ways you can incorporate evidence from a source into your research paper or other writing assignment.
To summarize means to state the main ideas of a passage briefly in your own words.
In APA style, in-text citations are placed within sentences and paragraphs to tell the reader what evidence is being quoted, paraphrased, or summarized and whose evidence is being cited.
References cited in the text of a writing assignment must appear in a reference list or bibliography at the end of your paper.
Your topic is the general area of your writing assignment. Choosing your topic, or making sure you understand your topic if one has been assigned, is the first step in writing a good essay or research paper.
A paragraph develops a single idea in detail and advances your argument by providing support for your paper’s thesis.
Here are some of the most common and useful types of paragraphs.
Within the basic structure of the paragraph, you have options for writing different types of paragraphs that present information in different ways.
The chronological order type of paragraph lists historical events in the order in which they occurred in time.
The steps in a process type of paragraph lists steps in the order in which they typically occur, such as in a chemical reaction, passage of a bill, or any other kind of repetitive process.
This Infosheet introduces the concept of plagiarism.
This Infosheet offers strategies for avoiding plagiarism.