Fixed and Footloose
Terms and Allusions
The era known as the Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to 19th century in which fundamental changes occurred in agriculture, textile and metal manufacture, transportation, economic policies and the social structure in England. Advances in agricultural techniques and practices resulted in an increased supply of food and raw materials, changes in industrial organization and new technology resulted in increased production, efficiency and profits, and the increase in commerce, foreign and domestic, were all conditions which promoted the advent of the Industrial Revolution.
Global division of labor
Specialization in the production process. Complex jobs can usually be less expensively completed by a large number of people each performing a small number of specialized tasks than by one person attempting to complete the entire job. The idea that specialization reduces costs, and thereby the price the consumer pays, is embedded in the principle of comparative advantage. Division of labor is the basic principle underlying the assembly line in mass production systems
unprecedented –adj. without previous instance; never before known or experienced; unexampled or unparalleled
upheaval –n. strong or violent change or disturbance, as in a society
bar – v. to prevent or hinder; to protect from
calamity –n. a great misfortune or disaster, as a flood or serious injury
proximity – n. nearness in place, time, order, occurrence, or relation
monopoly – n. exclusive control of a commodity or service in a particular market, or a control that makes possible the manipulation of prices
outsource – v. (of a company or organization) to purchase (goods) or subcontract (services) from an outside supplier or source
emergence – n. coming into view, notice or existence
paradigmatic – adj. pertaining to a relationship among linguistic elements
dichotomous – adj. divided or dividing into two parts
fractured – adj. broken
inexorable – adv. not to be persuaded, moved, or affected; unyielding; unalterable
ratchet – v. to move by degrees
diurnal – adj. of or pertaining to a day or each day; daily
volatile – adj. evaporating rapidly; changeable; transient
erosion – n. the process by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, etc.
subliminally – adv. existing or operating below the threshold of consciousness
cumulative – adj. increasing or growing by accumulation or successive additions
precariousness – n. danger; risk
caricature – n. a picture, description, etc., ludicrously exaggerating the peculiarities or defects of persons or things
reprisal – n. an act or instance of retaliation
Fill in the blanks with the words chosen from the box.
calamity inexorable dichotomous volatile precariousness
diurnal cumulative reprisal proximity caricature
1. A farmer cannot neglect his _________ tasks at any time; cows, for example, must be milked regularly.
2. The cartoonist’s __________ of President Bush exaggerated the size of the president’s ears.
3. As news of the ___________ spread, offers of relief poured in to the stricken community.
4. Blind people sometimes develop a compensatory ability to sense the _________ of objects around them.
5. After listening to the pleas for clemency, the judge was ________ and gave the convicted man the maximum punishment allowed by law.
6. Saying the stock would be an investment of ____________, the broker advised her client against purchasing it.
7. I am confident that we are ready for any __________ the enemy may undertake.
8. Vocabulary building is a __________ process: as you go through your flash cards, you will add new words to your vocabulary, one by one.
9. The political climate today is extremely _________: no one can predict what will happen next.
10. Willie did not know how to resolve the ___________situation between his ambition to go to college and his childhood longing to run away and join the circus.
1. diurnal 2. caricature 3. calamity 4. proximity 5. inexorable 6. precariousness
7. reprisal 8. cumulative 9. volatile 10. dichotomous
1. What is your definition of work?
2. Have you ever worked? What kind of jobs did/do you do? Do you like what you did/are doing? Is your job related to your life career or is it just a means to earn some money?
3. Do you think people are primarily defined by the jobs they do? What other factors can also define a person?
4. What changes do you see in the current job market? Do you see these changes positive or negative?
1. Do you agree with Huws that changes in jobs affect one’s identity? Why? Why not?
2. Do you agree that the future of the work place is dismal?
3. What will you do to reap the benefits of the changes and minimize the drawbacks of the changes?