CHEM493 (Liberal Arts) $ Independent Study 6 hrs. 3 crs. Individually guided investigation of an advanced topic in chemistry. A formal report on topic is required. Preq: Permission of instructor prior to registration. Not open to students with a combined total of 12 credits in Independent Study in the Natural Sciences Department. PASS/ FAIL after 6 credits of Independent Study in Natural Sciences have been completed. A student may register for only one independent study course in the Natural Sciences Department per semester, or summer session. Minimum 6 hours per week.