Pre-Med FAQ's

Here you can find answers to common questions.

Questions & Answers

What courses should I take to prepare for Medical School?

Prerequisites can vary on a school by school basis.  Please check the prerequisites for schools to which you hope to apply.

The following courses are required by most medical schools in the United States as the minimum background needed for acceptance into medical school.

Medical School Prerequisites/MCAT 2015 PreparationYORK Recommended Courses
General Biology 2 semestersBIO 201 & BIO 202
Biochemistry 1 semesterBIO 412
General Chemistry 2 semestersCHEM 108/109 & CHEM 111/112
Organic Chemistry 2 semestersCHEM 231/232 (Org. Chemistry I/Lab & CHEM 233/234 (Org. Chemistry II/Lab
College Physics 2 semestersPHYS 113/115 & PHYS 114/116
English 2 semestersENGL 125 & ENG 126
NEW* Psychology 2 semestersPSY 102 & PSY 200 OR PSY 214
NEW* Sociology 1 SemesterSOC 101

Required and recommended coursework can vary by school  Some schools require one or two semesters of mathematics or one semester of mathematics and one semester of statistics.  Additionally, some schools require two semesters of English.  The Medical School Admissions Requirements (MSAR) provides information on course requirements and recommendation, by school, for these as well as the acceptability of AP, community college and online coursework.   The MSAR can be found at .

Any undergraduate major is appropriate for medical school assuming the applicant has completed the basic pre-med requirements. Nonetheless, the majority of students applying to medical school have undergraduate majors in the biological or physical sciences. It is very important to do well in science courses.

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What GPA should I shoot for?

As you know, medical school is very competitive, so you should aim for the highest GPA you can!  A 3.5 would be a generally acceptable target, however, many schools have an average GPA for accepted students in the 3.6 - 3.7 range.  A GPA of 3.0 would be the absolute minimum for any chance of being accepted into a U.S. Medical School.  As with prerequisite coursework, the GPA range also varies school to school.  Information including average GPA for applicants and accepted students can also be found in the MSAR book from the American Association of Medical Colleges (AAMC).

Medical schools will break down your GPA into Science (BCPM - Bio, Chem, Phys, Math), AO (all Other) and Overall (Combined BCPM & AO).  The AO GPA would be expected to be a tad higher than BCPM, based on the difficulty level of the science courses.  Again, a high science GPA is a must!

Average MCAT/GPA for matriculated US Medical Students by School

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What is the MCAT, when should I take it, and how do I prepare for it?

Up to date information regarding the MCAT is available at   Most medical schools require applicants to take the MCAT.

The MCAT is given many times a year.  In most cases, you should take the MCAT exam in the calendar year prior to the year in which you plan to enter medical school. For example, if you are applying in 2016 for entrance to medical school in 2017, you should take the exam in 2016).

If you can't decide whether to take the exam early in the year or later, ask yourself two questions:

  • Will I take the exam just once, or is there a possibility I might want to take it again?
  • Have I mastered the material or do I need additional coursework or study?

If you think that you will take the MCAT exam more than once in a given calendar year, you might want to make your first attempt early in the year. This should allow you sufficient time to receive your scores, make a decision about your second attempt, and find an available seat later in the testing year.

If you have coursework to complete, additional studying to do, or if you have a major conflict that won't allow you to be in the right frame of mind for the exam, we suggest that you wait until you are better prepared. This may mean you make your first attempt later in the year. That's okay, too. You're the best judge of your preparedness.

Additional information regarding preparation for the MCAT and practice tests may be found at Some students find that it is helpful to take a preparation course for the MCAT.

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What is a "good" MCAT score?

The Medical College Admission Test® (MCAT®) is a standardized, multiple-choice examination designed to assess your problem solving, critical thinking, and knowledge of natural, behavioral, and social science concepts and principles prerequisite to the study of medicine.

In April 2015, the AAMC launched a new version of the MCAT exam. Scores are reported in four sections:

  • Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems
  • Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems
  • Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior
  • Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills

Almost all U.S. medical schools and many Canadian schools require you to submit MCAT exam scores. Many schools do not accept MCAT exam scores that are more than three years old.

Here's a link going over the new (2015-) scoring scale and understanding the percentiles:

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Should I consider Caribbean/International Medical Schools?

This is a personal decision that must be considered on an individual basis. Here is a good article that may answer some of your questions.  We occasionally have guests from various Caribbean Medical Schools here at York to answer your questions regarding medical education in the Caribbean.

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How do I apply to U.S./Canadian Medical Schools?

The American Medical College Application Service (AMCAS)

Students applying to medical schools must submit application materials through AMCAS. Information regarding the AMCA application process can be found at

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What are Medical Schools looking for?

Medical schools are interested in applicants with excellent academic achievements (as shown in grades and MCAT scores), strong interpersonal skills (often demonstrated in volunteer, leadership and employment situations), a clear motivation for a career in medicine (as shown by significant involvement in medical settings), and demonstrated compassion and concern for others.

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